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Jennifer A. Delos Reyes2
Dr. Frederick F. Rodrigo3


This study surveyed the interventions coming from family members and peers of 120 quota-sampled intermediate pupils from two public (Hilario Valdez Elementary School and Baay Elementary School) and two private (Immaculate Conception Academy and Graceland Saviour’s Institution, Inc.) schools in the City of Batac, Ilocos Norte. Like-wise, it identified the practices of eight intermediate teachers in integrating the intervention outputs in their science classes during the first grading period in School Year 2012-2013. It also determined the teacher-respondents’ assessment of the strengths and limitations of their intervention-integration practices, which prompted them to identify their needs in enhancing their intervention-integration practices.
Interview sessions were done with each of the four groups of respondents using separate sets of interview guide. All sessions were documented and transcribed before processing them. The tabulated data were analyzed descriptively and interpreted narratively.
Most of the pupil-respondents from both grade levels received interventions from their family members, specifically from their mothers, on their science lessons. Nevertheless, there were more Grade VI pupils who had interventions from their peers than their Grade V counterparts.
All knowledge learned by the pupils had their corresponding skills and values, collectively referred to a set of intervention outputs. Such knowledge reflected the contents of the intermediate science lessons. The skills emphasized on the application of study techniques leading to mastery. Meanwhile, the values acquired underpinned the pupils’ personal and relational development. The younger group of pupil-respondents learned five sets of intervention outputs from their family members and three sets from their peers. The older group, on the other hand, acquired four sets of intervention outputs from their family members and two sets from their peers.
The intervention outputs of Grade V pupil-respondents were predominantly integrated by their teachers in the engagement and exploratory phases. In contrast, those intervention outputs both sources of the Grade VI pupil-respondents were primarily integrated by their teachers in the explanatory phase. In both groups, however, intervention outputs were least integrated in the evaluation phase.
The strengths of the teachers’ practices, which confirmed their reasons for integrating intervention outputs, imply their openness and accommodating response to the contributions of family members and peers in concretizing the dynamics of learning scientific phenomena. However, due to the volume and variety of intervention outputs brought by intermediate pupils into the science classroom, their teachers struggled in balancing their available time and in maximizing the interventions’ potentials. That dilemma prompted them to verbalize their interests and needs in learning competencies that will enable them to manage their intervention-integration practices more effectively and efficiently in the future. Those served as anchor in proposing for an in-service training on intervention-integration management.
1Excerpts of a thesis presented at Vedasto J. Samonte School of Graduate Studies, Northwestern University in July 2013 for the degree Master of Arts in Education major in Educational Management.
2Teacher III
3Thesis Adviser


Halston Joseph R. Castro2
Resie Jane S. Mata3


The study sought to find out the post-partum related complications occurring among women within the 2-3 day period following parturition. More specifically, it described the profile of the respondents as to age, number of children, mode of last delivery, status of prenatal care and the profile of the infant as to infant’s weight upon delivery. It further determined the degree of severity of the complications as perceived by the respondents.

The research is purely descriptive. Two hundred fifty-one mothers who were admitted at the Obstetric ward of Gov. Roque B. Ablan Sr. Memorial Hospital (GRBASMH) and who have experienced complications associated with childbirth occurring 2-3 days after parturition were taken as respondents. The study was conducted from the period of August to October 2013.

A questionnaire was used as the main data gathering tool and an informal interview was also made to supplement data gathered from the questionnaire.

The data on the profile and extent of post-partum illnesses of the respondents were treated using frequency count and percentage distribution.

The study revealed that majority of the mothers ranges from 19-35 years old, with 1-2 children. The mode of last delivery was normal spontaneous, that underwent 6-8 hours of labor. All received prenatal check-up and most of their babies weigh 3-3.4 kgs. Urinary incontinence was regarded as the most common post-partum related complications experienced by the mothers followed by constipation, tiredness/exhaustion, backache, pain from CS wound, pain from tear, pain from episiotomy and pain from inflamed perineum and depression.

  • Excerpts of a thesis presented at Vedasto J. Samonte School of Graduate Studies, Northwestern University in March 2014 for the degree Master of Arts in Nursing Major in Maternal and Child Nursing
  • Public Health Nurse
  • Thesis Adviser


Jonah B. Badua2
Marcelo L. Montanio3


This study assessed the adherence of the security guards to the ethical standards and code of conduct during the first semester School Year 2012-2013.

The Research and Development (R&D) method was used in this study involving 23 security guards. Data were gathered through a questionnaire supplemented with interview and document analysis.

Results of the study showed that most of the respondents are male, young and married. All are qualified in terms of educational attainment, however, the majority of the security guards are quite new in the security work. The study found out that the majority receives monthly income below Php 6,000.00. Not all of them are covered with mandatory benefits and equipped with trainings.

It was further found out that the respondents oftentimes adhered to ethical standards for security guards. However, there is a need to strengthen their adherence to attain quality service as regards to honesty, secrecy discipline, decorum, handling and prevention of criminal elements, performance of duties, allegiance and familiarization of rules and regulations courtesy.

Result also revealed that the respondents oftentimes adhere to their code of conduct. On the other hand, the security guards have potentials for improvement on the use of license and privilege, unnecessary conversations, knowing the location of the alarm and sounding the alarm , operating the fire extinguishers, knowing emergency numbers, immediately notifying the police, participating and integrating violations of the law and reading newspapers, books and magazines. The continued obedience to the code of conduct needs focus to ensure that the security guards respond to costumers’ satisfaction which is the primary goal of Northwestern University being ISO certified.

Based on the findings and conclusions, a security management primer was developed to instill deeper sense of moral responsibility to the security guards and to improve their job performance.

  • Excerpts of a thesis presented at Vedasto J. Samonte School of Graduate Studies, Northwestern University in February 2013 for the degree Master of Science in Criminal Justice with Specialization in Criminology
  • Department Head, CCJE


  • Thesis Adviser


Michel B. Bagaiosan2
Marino S. Baytec3


The study focused on the development and validation of primers on educational legislations for local government officials, school administrators, parents, and teachers. Specifically, the study was conducted to determine the local government officials, school administrators, parents and teachers’ level of knowledge on the educational legislations and their perceptions on the level of importance of the laws to be disseminated; identify the primers to be developed to improve the respondents’ performance, determine the content validity of the primers in terms of its objectives, content, activities, evaluation measures and instructional characteristics.

The study used the research and development or (Rand D) methodology. The major steps in the R & D cycle followed by the researcher in developing the primers are the following: planning stage, development stage and validation stage.

In determining the topics to be developed, a preliminary research was conducted with the various local government officials, school administrators, parents and teachers as respondents from the different zones and municipal districts of Ilocos Norte and Laoag City. The study employed means and frequency counts in the statistical treatment of data. Weighted composite and overall means were used to describe the results of the survey and validation of the primer.

The study revealed that the Sangguniang Bayan members, school administrators, teachers, and parents have limited knowledge of laws governing education, hence, the necessity of preparing materials in modular format for knowledge acquisition and understanding.

The primers can be an effective delivery tool for improving the knowledge and understanding of the educational laws of the officials of the Local Government Units particularly the chairmen of the committee on education and laws, school administrators, Parent-Teachers Association Officers and members and teachers. It can also be an alternative delivery mode for improving the competency level of pre-service and in-service teachers.

  • Excerpts of a thesis presented at Vedasto J. Samonte School of Graduate Studies, Northwestern University in March 2014 for the degree Master of Arts in Public Administration
  • Teacher II
  • Thesis Adviser



Noresen Joy L. Taguicana2
Charliemane A. Bullalayao3


The study is designed to determine the beneficial effects of BHW as labor doula in childbirth which served as a basis in the development of a researched-based educational material.

The research undertaking used the research and development method. The participants were chosen through purposive sampling. Respondents were the mothers who planned and capable to deliver at the Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) Facility of Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte from November 1, 2013, to January 31, 2014. The Barangay Health Workers were selected based on the mother-respondents under their catchment areas and the health care providers were the Rural Health Midwives who handled the deliveries.

Based on the data gathered, the following were the findings of the study: (1) majority of the mother-respondents belong to age group of 20-34, married and plain housewives;

  • all of them have a monthly family income below Php 5000.00; (3) mother-respondents are commonly multigravida and multipara.

Most of the BHWs are aged 30-59, married and with 16-20 years of service as BHW. They are knowledgeable when it comes to physical assistance, physical comfort and socio-emotional support while most of them are highly knowledgeable in verbal support. It was also found that most of them often provide physical assistance, physical comfort, socio-emotional supportive measures and verbal supportive measures.

The Rural Health Midwives perceived that the mother-respondents are benefit-ted with physical assistance, physical comfort, socio-emotional supportive measures and verbal supportive measures rendered by BHW doula. On the other hand, the mother-respondents expressed that they are also benefitted with physical assistance, physical comfort, socio-emotional supportive measures and verbal supportive measures rendered by BHW doula.

Several problems encountered by BHW doula were also elicited. Among of these include tiredness with two consecutive deliveries attended, inability to stay awake at night because of old age, no incentives received, and fear of blood

  • Excerpts of a thesis presented at Vedasto J. Samonte School of Graduate Studies, Northwestern University in March 2014 for the degree Master of Arts in Nursing Major
  • Nurse
  • Thesis Adviser


Sherwin Jay P. Palaspas2

Zenaida I. Franco3


This study was conducted to determine the instructional competencies of teachers and achievement of students in Chemistry of the different public secondary schools in Ilocos Norte.

The descriptive-correlational research design was used in this study. It was undertaken in all public secondary schools in the division of Ilocos Norte. Chemistry teachers and their students were utilized as respondents of the study.

A questionnaire after its validation was used to determine the demographic profile and instructional competencies of Chemistry teachers. The questionnaire was based on previous readings, 21st-century core skills, and Competency-Based Performance Appraisal System for Teachers (CB-PAST). The data needed for the evaluation of the students’ achievement were also requested.

The statistical treatments used were frequency counts and average weighted mean interpreted against the arbitrary values in a 5-point Likert Scale to determine the level of achievement. In addition to that, correlation was used to determine the significant relationship among the variables. Regression analysis was also done to identify the variables needed to create an instructional model which would serve as a predictor for students’ achievement.

Based on the findings, the following conclusions were drawn:

The respondents can communicate effectively. However, the assessment of learning outcome of Chemistry teachers needs to be improved and enhanced. In addition to this, Chemistry teachers in the division of Ilocos Norte have limited skills in using computer-aided instructional materials and in using contemporary modes of disseminating information. Moreover, Chemistry teachers are not deeply involved in research and research-related activities.

Good predictors of students’ achievement in Chemistry are rank/position and seminars attended related to Chemistry. Other predictors are degree, content-area knowledge, sex, and educational attainment.

  • Excerpts of a thesis presented at Vedasto J. Samonte School of Graduate Studies, Northwestern University in February 2014 for the degree Master of Arts in Education Major in General Science
  • Teacher I


  • Thesis Adviser


Edralin V. Bitanga,
Fe B. Pungtilan2
Elsie C. Pilar3


It is envisioned by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) to perform institutional analysis of the factors determining employability, the competencies and skills that should be developed, the hiring rates of graduates of various programs and identification of the most responsive or in demand courses based on job waiting time of graduates, thus this study was conducted. Specifically, it aimed to find out the (a) demographic profile particularly on civil status, sex, educational background, training and advanced study after a college degree; (b) their employment background; (c) the length of job searching; and the(d) useful competencies and skills.

Respondents were BS in Marine Transportation and BS in Marine Engineering graduates for SY 2004-2008. In describing the overall profile of the respondents, the main tool used was the Graduate Tracer Project of Selected HEIs in Region 1 and CAR (2005-2008) survey instrument although revisions were made to suit the study.

The results showed that respondents are young and stable. Those who took licensure exams passed. They are with adequate competencies and skills which helped them get employed upon graduation. Graduates of these programs value monetary rewards as well as the values of commitment to excellence in choosing their jobs. And, three competencies were deemed very useful for the respondents in their present job which are communication skills, human relation skills, and critical thinking skills.

  • Institutional Research
  • Researchers, NWU
  • Technical Consultant


Elsie C. Pilar,
Nerizza Faith G. Rosales,
Joseph Allan S. Gamiao,
Fe B. Pungtilan 2


This study aimed to develop a Waste Management Program towards a sustainable and eco-friendly NWU. Specifically, it sought to determine the characteristic of waste generated by NWU, its existing waste disposal system being practiced at the different sources of waste, the waste facilities and their capacities found at the different sources of waste of NWU, and the problems encountered in the disposal of wastes as bases in designing a Solid Waste Management Program towards a sustainable and eco-friendly NWU.

The Research and Development (R & D) method was used in this study. It was used to describe the four phases of program development, namely, planning, development, validation, and dissemination and utilization of results. For the respondents of this study, the practices and problems relative to the issues and concerns of waste management included heads and representatives of offices, both academic and non-academic and the janitorial services. Representatives from the Supreme Student Council and college organizations were also taken as respondents. The study was conducted at the 9-hectare lot of Northwestern University campus located in two barangays, Nalbo and Bengcag. It is a non-sectarian private university with an average population of 5000 students per year. The campus has seven (7) buildings exclusive of medical/dental clinics, laboratories, swimming pool and motor pools among others. Checklist for the type and volume of waste was prepared and a questionnaire to determine the practices, as well as the problem of waste disposal, was constructed based on literature and studies.

The study revealed that the average waste material collected is 1, 083.50 kg: 75.05 or approximately 909.1 kg of waste generated by NWU is biodegradable, 22.07% or 267.3 kg is recyclable, 2.62% or 31.7 kg is residual, and 0.27% or 3.3 kg is a special waste.

Another finding is that the Waste Disposal Systems as provided for QSM – Environmental Policies on 6.4.3 Environmental Protection is not strictly implemented. As to the problems, data showed that poor cooperation of the academic community is a factor that contributes to the problem of disposal of wastes of NWU.

The following conclusions were derived from the findings of the study: the waste characteristics generated at NWU is biodegradable and recyclable, thus, the potential for development and/or enhancement of technology for the reduction of waste exists. Classrooms and offices are equipped with waste cans/garbage facilities/receptacles with varied capacities and types, however, there are only few found on the grounds of the campus; the problems identified are on attitude of the members of the NWU community and the lack of policy on waste management; and the Solid Waste Management Program should start with a vision and the policies should be approved for its implementation.

  • Institutional Research


  • Researchers, NWU


Wiljohn M. De la Cruz,
John Francis A. Paraoan2


This study established an in-depth understanding of the experiences among elderly at Balay Taripato, Cabugao, Ilocos Sur. Specifically, it determined the socio-demographic profile of the elderly in terms of age, family structure, educational background, religious affiliation and reasons for placement. It further determined the testimonies of an elderly on preventive geriatrics as to exercise, immunization, health maintenance and nutrition and a proposed health program was developed.

This study employed the phenomenological approach. A total enumeration was made and an interview guide was used to gather data from the participants.

The study revealed that majority of the participants belong to the age bracket of 71- 80 and 81 years old and above, elementary graduate, a Roman Catholic, are living in a nuclear type of family and have been abandoned.

As to testimonies, the study showed that most of the participants have not received any immunization since they entered at Balay Taripato, passive exercises such as raising of hands and stretching or extending lower extremities were only practiced, health maintenance/screenings have never performed and food served depends on the recipes provided by the healthcare provider.

Based on the findings and conclusions, a health program was developed to intensify the quality of care that should assist them well in facing the challenges of life as it nears death.

  • Institutional Research

Clinical Instructors, NWU


Winston Flores2


It is a tall order for higher institutions to prepare their graduates in facing the challenges of the international market. It is along this line that this study takes its stand on some theories that strongly support this conviction.

Majority of the respondents are single and dominated by males, graduate of 2007-2008, were able to pass the Criminology Board Exam and underwent training in Public Safety and Basic Recruit Course.

Majority of the graduates are presently employed and most of them are in the Philippine National Police. The respondents are working in the Philippines and are occupying Rank and File (clerical) position in their present job. The respondents are receiving salaries from Php 15, 000.00 to less than Php 20, 000.00 and are employed in the Philippine National Police and BJMP. Ranked as number one (1) reason of graduates for accepting their first job is salaries and benefits and 62.80% of the graduates considered the course related to their employment and 43.49% of the graduates waited for less than a month for their first job. Public Administration and Defense as well as Compulsory Social Security are where the majority of the graduates are presently employed.

Majority of the graduates confirmed that human relation skill is the most useful in their jobs. Respondents suggested improvement on curriculum instructional materials, facilities, and faculty and student attitudes and competencies.

  • Institutional Research
  • Researcher, NWU